Thursday, July 16, 2009

JULY 16 OUR LADY OF MOUNT CARMEL

“Our Lady of Mount Carmel
and Saints“ (Simon Stock,
Angelus of Jerusalem,
Mary Magdalene de’Pazzi,
Teresa of Avila)
by Pietro Novelli, 1641
JULY 16

OUR LADY OF MOUNT CARMEL

Additional Information about Our Lady of Mount Carmel[1]

Readings for the Feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel

Readings and Commentary:
[2]

FIRST READING
Zechariah 2:14-17

Sing and rejoice, O daughter Zion!
See, I am coming to dwell among you, says the LORD.
Many nations shall join themselves to the LORD on that day,
and they shall be his people,
and he will dwell among you,
and you shall know that the LORD of hosts has sent me to you.
The LORD will possess Judah as his portion in the holy land,
and he will again choose Jerusalem.
Silence, all, in the presence of the LORD!
for he stirs forth from his holy dwelling.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Commentary on
Zec 2:14-17

This selection from the Book of the Prophet Zechariah is seen as predicting the coming of the Messiah. It provides a rather unique glimpse at the messianic expectation – He comes to unify and bring security to the faithful. This passage also demonstrates the “true man, true God” essence of the Lord by first saying “I am coming to dwell among you” followed by “Silence, all mankind, in the presence of the Lord! For he stirs forth from his holy dwelling.”

CCC: Zec 2:14 722; Zec 2:17 2143
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
RESPONSORIAL PSALM
Luke 1:46-47, 48-49, 50-51,52-53, 54-55

R. (49) The Almighty has done great things for me, and holy is his Name.
or:
R. O Blessed Virgin Mary, you carried the Son of the eternal Father.


"My soul proclaims the greatness of the Lord,
my spirit rejoices in God my savior."
R. The Almighty has done great things for me, and holy is his Name.
or:
R. O Blessed Virgin Mary, you carried the Son of the eternal Father.


"For he has looked with favor on his lowly servant.
From this day all generations will call me blessed:
the Almighty has done great things for me,
and holy is his Name."
R. The Almighty has done great things for me, and holy is his Name.
or:
R. O Blessed Virgin Mary, you carried the Son of the eternal Father.


"He has mercy on those who fear him
in every generation.
He has shown the strength of his arm,
he has scattered the proud in their conceit."
R. The Almighty has done great things for me, and holy is his Name.
or:
R. O Blessed Virgin Mary, you carried the Son of the eternal Father.


"He has cast down the mighty from their thrones,
and has lifted up the lowly.
He has filled the hungry with good things,
and the rich he has sent away empty."
R. The Almighty has done great things for me, and holy is his Name.
or:
R. O Blessed Virgin Mary, you carried the Son of the eternal Father.


"He has come to the help of his servant Israel
for he has remembered his promise of mercy,
the promise he made to our fathers,
to Abraham and his children for ever."
R. The Almighty has done great things for me, and holy is his Name.
or:
R. O Blessed Virgin Mary, you carried the Son of the eternal Father.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Commentary on
Lk 1:46-47, 48-49, 50-51,52-53, 54-55

The responsorial is the Magnificat, the beautiful Canticle of Mary. Her song of thanksgiving and humility captures the saintliness that has become synonymous with our image of Mary the Mother of God, the Queen of Heaven, and the Mother of the Church. In her dedication of the service she offers to God as vessel of the Messiah, she sets the stage for the humble birth of Jesus.

CCC: Lk 1:46-55 722, 2619, 2675; Lk 1:46-49 2097; Lk 1:48 148, 971, 2676, 2676; Lk 1:49 273, 2599, 2807, 2827; Lk 1:50 2465; Lk 1:54-55 706; Lk 1:55 422
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
GOSPEL
Matthew 12:46-50

While Jesus was speaking to the crowds,
his mother and his brothers appeared outside,
wishing to speak with him.
Someone told him, "Your mother and your brothers are standing outside,
asking to speak with you."
But he said in reply to the one who told him,
"Who is my mother? Who are my brothers?"
And stretching out his hand toward his disciples, he said,
"Here are my mother and my brothers.
For whoever does the will of my heavenly Father
is my brother, and sister, and mother."
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Commentary on Mt 12:46-50

In this selection from St. Matthew’s Gospel, Jesus emphasizes the importance of the family of faith over the biological family. It is likely a parallel to the situation found in Mark 3:21. It is important to note that the Catholic Church holds that Mary bore only one child, Jesus. The reference in this passage to “…your brothers” (the word “brethren” is used in most other translations) refers to kinsmen, other relatives of the Blessed Mother and St. Joseph. Similarly, other scriptural references to Jesus’ relatives find this same interpretation issue. The Aramaic term for brother/sister referred to relationships within the extended family (see notes on Mark 3:31ff). In apocryphal literature, specifically the History of Joseph the Carpenter, it is indicated that Mary was Joseph’s second wife, his first having died previously.  From this union, the document explains, Joseph had four sons and two daughters; Judas, Justus, James, and Simon. The names of the two daughters were Assia and Lydia. This is one more possibility driving the language of the Gospel.
 
In Galatians 1:19 we find: “But I did not see any other of the apostles, only James the brother of the Lord.  “James the brother of the Lord: not one of the Twelve, but a brother of Jesus (see note on Mark 6:3). He played an important role in the Jerusalem church (see note on Galatians 2:9), the leadership of which he took over from Peter (Acts 12:17). Paul may have regarded James as an apostle.” [3]
 
To further support this point, logic tells us that if Mary had other biological children, Jesus would not have entrusted her to St. John as he hung upon the cross. (John 19:26-27)
 
Jesus’ initial indication that the disciples are his family is clarified by the statement: “…whoever does the will of my heavenly Father is my brother, and sister, and mother." Through his acceptance of the will of God, Jesus provides a natural continuation of our adoptive status as his brothers and sisters (Romans 8:29 ; 1 John 3:1).

CCC: Mt 12:49 764, 2233
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Reflection:

Mother Mary always faithful to God and always directing us to her Son, Jesus provides us with hope on this, the Feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel. The special tribute paid to St. Mary on this day stems from a miraculous appearance of Our Lady to Saint Simon Stock in 1251. As he prayed for help for his religious order, St. Mary appeared to him and gave him the Scapular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, traditionally brown in color. According to tradition she handed him the Scapular with this promise; "Take, beloved son, this scapular of thine order as a badge of my confraternity and for thee and all Carmelites a special sign of grace; whoever dies in this garment, will not suffer everlasting fire. It is the sign of salvation, a safeguard in dangers, a pledge of peace and of the covenant".

We are keenly aware as the Gospel reminds us and Our Lady insures that we understand that it is our actions, not our birth right, not even our own claim on God’s mercy opens the gates of heaven to us. Christ tells us “For whoever does the will of my heavenly Father is my brother, and sister, and mother” His mother, pointing to Jesus’ example, promises salvation for those who do the will of the Heavenly Father.

Pax
[1] The picture is “Our Lady of Mount Carmel and Saints“ (Simon Stock, Angelus of Jerusalem, Mary Magdalene de’Pazzi, Teresa of Avila) by Pietro Novelli, 1641
[2] Text of Readings is taken from the New American Bible, Copyright © Libreria Editrice Vaticana, Excerpts from the English translation of The Roman Missal © 1973, International Committee on English in the Liturgy, Inc. All rights reserved.
[3] See NAB footnote on Galatians 1:19

No comments: